Frequently asked questions
Hopefully these will answer most of your questions, but if not feel free to contact us!
What is cylinder head skimming?
Cylinder head skimming is a way of refacing the mating surface of the head. The method we use is sometimes called 'fly cutting' which involves mounting the cylinder head on a milling machine which has a fixed head and a moving table. The milling head has a bespoke attachment with a cutter which spins at around 600 rpm, and the table of the mill moves the cylinder head across the cutter. This is probably the most accurate way to resurface a head. Check out the video below to see a head being skimmed. The depth of cut being taken in the video is 2 thou.
Can you skim all cylinder heads?
We can skim most aluminium and cast iron cylinder heads with a maximum width of 200mm, and length of 600mm. The main exception to this is some diesel cylinder heads have a hardened steel insert (see pic) pressed into the aluminium head. These type of head need grinding rather than flycutting as the cutter will just bounce over the insert leaving high spots on the surface. Sometimes it is possible to remove the inserts prior to skimming.
What is a 'thou'?
A Thou is a unit of measurement which is 1000th of an inch (0.001"). As a rough guide to those of us that moved along with the times and now work in metric 40 thou (0.040") is roughly equivalent to 1mm. Therefore 20 thou (0.020")= 0.5mm, 10 thou (0.010")= 0.25mm, 5 thou (0.005")= 0.125mm.
What is crack testing / pressure testing and do I need it?
Generally as soon as you remove the head and inspect the gasket and head surface you will be able to see where and why the gasket has failed. In some circumstances if it is not obvious after inspection and checking the head for flatness where the problem lies, then it is probably worth having a pressure or crack test done. This basically involves sealing off all the waterways on the cylinder head, and fitting an airline with a pressure gauge to one of the water inlets. The head is then pressurised to a certain pressure. If the head holds this pressure, it's fine, if it doesn't then it is likely to be cracked somewhere which usually means throwing it in the bin!
What causes head gasket failure?
Failure can be for numerous reasons. The most likely causes are using cheap anti freeze, engine overheating, or just the gasket reaching the end of it's life. Obviously there are loads of other reasons, but these are the most common causes.
How long does it take to skim a head?
This depends on how badly the head is out of true. Most of the time involved is setting the head on the milling table. Start to finish on most heads is around 30 - 40 minutes. We offer a while you wait service if you'd prefer to bring your head in rather than posting it. Please contact us to arrange a time. Most heads received by post will be turned around the same day.
What do I need to do to the head before sending / bringing it in?
Any brackets, coolant hose flanges and camshafts should be removed. Anything that protrudes the mating face of the head (valves / spark plugs) will need removing. If the valves sit lower than the face of the head, these can be left in. Clean as much oil and grease off the head as possible.
How does the mail order service work?
There are a couple of options, either pre-payment by Paypal if you know what needs doing, or send us the head with your details and we'll inspect it and give you a quote.